Public health capacity consists of the administrative, workforce and informational systems needed to deliver UHC, reflecting current and future public health priorities within a particular population.
Components of public health capacity include:
- Workforce development: establish roles and responsibilities and align training requirements for different elements of health workforce, including:
- Public health workers (including leaders, professionals and specialists) –leadership and expertise across all public health functions: providing leadership, strategic expertise, priority setting, change management and influencing skills to embed public health approaches within governance and implementation processes at national and local levels.
- Health workers – prevention, protection, promotion and people: health-promoting healthcare settings; educating and empowering patients with health-promoting skills; rehabilitation and integrated person-centred evidence-based care, screening, vaccination, reporting of IHR; wider advocacy and partnership roles.
- Wider workforce – health promotion and governance: partnership work at national policy and community planning levels to create supportive healthy environments. Examples of other sectors include finance, education, work, the police, agriculture, the environment, housing, transport, social care, the private and voluntary community sector. Also includes providing education and messages tailored according to the role they can play and mainstreamed into training programmes.
Workforce planning: numbers, resources and infrastructure:
- Roles, skill mix, location, impact of migration and age in relation to future trends.
- Public health and health worker roles should be included as part of health sector workforce planning and wider workforce actions across other relevant sectors’ workforce planning.
- Infrastructure (e.g. buildings, partnerships, networks, working spaces, information technology and equipment, and supportive equipment and materials including for communications).
- Design flexibility of the workforce to address surge and emergency challenges.
Standards, curriculum and accreditation: for individuals in the workforce or at organisational level. Develop core standards based upon the framework areas and incorporate these into relevant curricula and accreditation processes.
Capabilities, teaching and training: develop knowledge, skills and capabilities across teaching and training programmes for in-work courses, undergraduate and postgraduate courses and continued professional development.